It was on 70 years earlier that on 22th Oct “Pakistani” raiders openly attacked J&K.

24 Oct 2017 14:21:23

No regular official count of orphans, widows and ‘victim’ of Pakistani lust is available

Daya Sagar

It is well known fact that the turmoil of 1947 Partition of British India resulted in large scale migration of people of all communities on either sides of the borders between India and newly born Dominion of Pakistan. Not only the British India territories, the people of Indian princely states of India British Empire too had to face a lot of problems and miseries. The then princely state of J&K  was no exception and people of this state had to additionally also face the onslaught of the Pakistan aided and abetted brutal aggressions  even after this princely state acceded to India on 26th October . Large areas of the Indian state of J&K were occupied by Pakistan in 1947. A very large number of families had to run for life leaving behind all of their belongings and assets. There was hardly any family that had not lost one of its relations before it could reach the safe areas. World helplessly witnessed Pakistan illegally occupying large portion of the Indian state of  Jammu and Kashmir in 1947. When  the country was celebrating the freedom  from the British Empire ,  a large population of  J&K  was mercilessly killed by the Pakistani ‘invaders’  who launched a regular armed attack on 22nd October 1947 (four days before J&K finally acceded with India through a regular instrument of accession ) and others were  forced to leave their own homes in their own country under  the external aggression engineered by  Pakistan . The areas occupied comprised of the then Mirpur District  &  a small  part of Poonch Jagir in Jammu Province of J&K State  and large part of Muzaffrabad District of Kashmir Province of J&K State and Gilgit / Baltistan parts of Ladakh region of indian state of J&K State.

Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah, the then Prime Minister of J&K in 1950 named the uprooted local people of J&K as Displaced Persons vide order No. 1476-C of 1950 dated 16.12.1950  while those who had left Jammu & Kashmir and gone to Pakistan ( West Punjab) on their own were termed as migrants. This clearly shows the graveness of the conditions under which these people had to leave POJK (1947 POJK DPs) .

The people who had nearly left all their moveable as well as immoveable properties behind under the pressures of the external aggression by Pakistan have been  given all these years false assurances by the Government of India  as well as the state governments that they will surely get back their land from the illegal occupation of the Pakistan and displaced population will be honorably rehabilitated on the lands left back in the occupied areas.  Claims of the properties left behind have not been given to these displaced persons as have been given  to other 1947 refugees from Pakistan who migrated to Indian side in view of the 1947 partition of India. For property and material that would cost Rs.1000 in 1947 the compensation should  be atleast Rs.22.22 Lac in 2015 just by taking 12 % interest annually compounded on cost equivalent. How long POJK Displaced persons can wait. Three generations have suffered. May be at today’s scales for matching the losses suffered atleast on an  average Rs.50 Lac/ family will have to be paid immediately on account as adhoc grant to all in aid for properties lost to be adjusted against actual claims due  since the composite evaluation exercise, as an when if started, would atleast take a couple years more before the due claims are worked out /decided  for individual cases . Of course another around Rs.25 Lac need be paid to compensate for delayed socio-economic  attention.

But so erroneously  the definition of 1947 Displaced  person as contained in the Act No X 1971 has been used by the NC- Congress Government in 2014, also by BJP- PDP J&K  Government in 2015- 2016  and  BJP lead NDA government in 2016 to exclude the 5300  families of POJKDP 1947  available in records with government  even from the list of beneficiaries of the Rehabilitation package for the displaced families from POJK and “Chhamb” under the Prime Minister’s development Package for J&K 2015 – Central assistance of Rs.2000 Cr for 36384 families from POJK of 1947 and Chhamb displaced  persons of 1965 and 1971, a so illogical and irrational Rs 5.5 Lakh  family  one time settlement. Where as the definition of ‘displaced POJK family 1947’ as contained in Act No X of 1971 should not have been used while nominating the beneficiaries under the proposals of J&K Government  sent under   letter No. Rev/Rehab/08/2011 dated 20-10-2014 for REHABILITATION  FOR ONE TIME FULL AND FINAL SETTLEMENT OF THE CLAIMS OF THE POJK  DISPLACED PERSONS OF 1947 AND CHAMB DISPLACED PERSONS @Rs.25 Lakh /per 1947 family  to Government of India  and there after  in the Scheme  approved by  Government of India under Prime Minister’s development Package for J&K 2015 – Central assistance of Rs.2000 Cr for 36384 families from POJK of 1947 and Chhamb displaced  persons of 1965 and 1971 as one time settlement  as  communicated   under letter No. 31/01/2011-R & SO dated 22-12-2016 to state government . This way J&K State has in a way disowned ‘her own erstwhile state subjects of Class-I, Class-II and Class-III) who were displaced from their hearths in the areas occupied by Pakistan in 1947 and that way instead of healing ‘their wounds’ they have been inflicted with more of a  unconstitutional onslaught.  ( GOI too has further put a hard seal on that even ignoring the recommendations made in the ONE HUNDRED EIGHTY THIRD REPORT of DEPARTMENT-RELATED PARLIAMENTARY STANDING COMMITTEE ON HOME AFFAIRS - Presented to the Rajya Sabha on 22nd December, 2014 & laid on the Table of Lok Sabha on 22nd December, 2014).   

It is nearly now seven decades living under simple assurances for  their early  safe return.

What to talk of having not been paid any claims  compensations for the assets left behind  as well as the loss of lives suffered,  POJK DPs  have not been given any noticeable rehabilitation support relief of any type like concessions in services like reservations, regular monthly cash  kind allowances  relief,  concessions in education, concessions in trade, investments  and taxes, and like . Imagine the extent of pennilessness, agony and helplessness of the DPs in early days in the ‘fact’ that some parents even got the age of their 3 year infant entered as 6 years or more just to get Rs. 10 /pm as ration money per head. Even this very meager financial support by government for survival (maximum Rs.50 per month) was  provided only for some time in the initial days  to POJK DPS  and had been discontinued thereafter what to talk of increasing the scale.                        

 If we talk about the forced displacement under  the Pakistan aggression on the Indian State of Jammu & Kashmir in 1947 the Indian government has no official record of people who lost their lives during and due to forced displacement in which a large number of people had to run for saving their life leaving behind their moveable, immoveable properties, personal and property documents. There were very scarce means of transportation during those days, people had to walk long distances.  No government agency can give the count of the orphaned children and widowed women, women who embraced death to save their honor and the disabled youth.

The people who came from Pakistan sponsored/ tribal invaded areas of Mirpur, Muzaffrabad, Kotli, Bhimber, Sudhnati, Poonch- Rawlakote, Deva Batala etc  mostly took shelter in other safe areas in Jammu region or went to Punjab / Delhi / MP/UP/ Bombay etc. Large majority of the people displaced from ‘PoK’ POJK  in 1947 /48 due to Pakistan attack are Hindu and are those of Sikh Panth from Mirpur and Muzaffrabad Districts of J&K where as there was lesser displacement from Gilgit- Baltistan areas of Ladakh region of the then Indian Princely state of J&K (it was more due to distances/ remoteness and religious affiliations). The horror days took away their three decades before they could recover from the terrifying memories and think of their future plans and ways & means to recover the material losses they had suffered in 1947 including the properties left behind by them. And it is now 7 decades since they have been making “prayers”







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