Standstill Agreement violated by Pakistan

19 Jan 2018 23:54:13





The Standstill agreement was for continuance for the time being all subsisting agreements and administrative arrangements in matters of common concern between states and Dominion of Bharat or any part thereof. and that was done by the Proviso to Section 7 of the Indian Independence Act, 1947 which provided that effect shall, as nearly as may be, continue to be given to the provisions of any such agreement as is therein referred to which relate to customs, transit and communications, posts and telegraphs, or other like matters, until the provisions in question are denounced by the Ruler of the Indian State or person having authority in the tribal areas on the one hand, or by the Dominion or Province or other part thereof concerned on the other hand, or are superseded by subsequent agreements. In the statement made later in the British Parliament by the British Prime Minister Attlee, he also referred to the fact that arrangements should be made to carry on in the intervening period. The Viceroy and Governor- General and still the head of the Government at that time, time when the British were still ruling Bharat and de jure partition had not taken place, suggested that a standstill agreement should be made by the States with whoever they wanted to function


It's been continuously said that Bharat made some commitments and later on refused to fulfill the same. Minute or even cursory look at the chain of the events at the time of partition would make it clear who, Bharat or Pakistan broke the commitments. It's a globally accepted fact that Maharaja of Jammu Kashmir wanted to sign the standstill agreement with both the Dominions. Standstill agreement was not a document which was cooked up only for Jammu and Kashmir; it was a standard document for all the States. Maharaja sent an identical telegraph to both the countries on 12 August 1947. On 16th August, 4 days, later Pakistan sent a telegram back to Maharaja communicating acceptance of the standstill agreement. Standstill agreement with Pakistan was limited to only three subjects communications, essential supplies (petrol, rice, salt etc), and post office and telegraphic arrangements. Bharat asked the Maharaja to send someone to Delhi to discuss about the standstill agreement. The purpose of the standstill agreement with Bharat was to keep all existing agreements and administrative arrangements on as they were going on before 15 August. Here one thing needs to be noted- when we say keeping existing arrangements intact till the time state would decide on accession- it becomes imperative to know as to what were the existing arrangements. Bharat had more subjects to deal with i.e., air communications, arms and equipment, control of commodities, currency and coinage, customs, Indian state forces, external affairs, extradition , import and export control, irrigation and electric power, motor vehicles, national highways, opium, posts and telegraph and telephones, railways, salt, central excise relief from double income tax and other arrangements relating to taxation etc. All the subjects are contained in the Schedule of the standstill agreement. So the standstill agreement with Bharat was wider and covered the surrender of almost all the matters by the State of Jammu and Kashmir to the Dominion of Bharat whereas similar agreement with Pakistan was restricted only to three matters.


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